Category Archives: regular expressions

The vertical tab is part of \s in Perl 5.18

Up to v5.18, the vertical tab wasn’t part of the \s character class shortcut for ASCII whitespace. No one really knows why. It was curious trivia that I pointed out in Know your character classes under different semantics. Whitespace in ASCII, POSIX, and Unicode represented different sets. Perl whitespace was different from POSIX whitespace by [...]

Define grammars in regular expressions

[ This is the 100th Item we've shared with you in the two years this blog has been around. We deserve a holiday and we're taking it, so read us next year! Happy Holidays.] Perl 5.10 added rudimentary grammar support in its regular expressions. You could define many subpatterns directly in your pattern, use them [...]

Use lookarounds to split to avoid special cases

There are some regular expression tricks that can help you deal with balanced delimiters in a string. The split command takes a pattern, removes the parts of a string that match that pattern, and give you a list of the parts of the string between those separators. Said another way, split works when the parts [...]

Use lookarounds to eliminate special cases in split

The split built-in takes a string and turns it into a list, discarding the separators that you specify as a pattern. This is easy when the separator is simple, but seems hard if the separator gets more tricky. For a simple example, you can split an entry from /etc/password (although getpw* functions will do that [...]

Set default regular expression modifiers

Are you tired of adding the same modifiers to all of your regular expressions? For instance, if you might always add the /u modifier to turn on Unicode semantics on all of your patterns, including qr//, m//, and s///. Instead of remembering to do that to every pattern, the re that ships with Perl 5.14 [...]

Find dates with Regexp::Common

[This is a mid-week bonus item] Suppose you want to find some dates inside a big string. The problem with dates is that there are some many ways to write them, and even if you can come up with a pattern to get the structure right, can you handle the different locales and languages that [...]

Use Regexp::Common to find locale-specific dates

[This is a mid-week bonus item, and it's a bit of a departure from much of what you have already seen on this blog. This is just some code that I had to write this week and I thought you'd like to see it.] I had to find some dates inside a big string, and [...]

Know your character classes under different semantics

Now the Perl is Unicode aware (and, it’s been that way for a long time even if you haven’t been), you might have to be more careful in your regular expressions. Some of the character classes are much more inclusive than the ASCIIphile might imagine. In ASCIIland, character and byte semantics are the same thing. [...]

Use the \N regex character class to get “not a newline”

Perl 5.12 introduced an experimental regex character class to stand in for every character except one, the newline. The \N character class is everything but the newline. In prior versions of Perl, this is the same thing as the . meta character. That is, it’s the same as long as someone doesn’t add the /s [...]

Use a smart match to match several patterns at once

The smart match operator (Item 23. Make work easier with smart matching) reduces many common comparisons to a few keystrokes, keeping with Perl’s goal of making the common things easy. You can use the smart match operator to make even less common tasks, such as matching many regular expressions at the same time, just as [...]